A top-level domain (TLD) is the concluding part of a domain name that follows the final period (.) and is utilized to signify the website's purpose. For example, the top-level domain for a website with a domain name like "example.com" is ".com." TLDs are a fundamental piece of the Internet's infrastructure, and the Internet Corporation manages them for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). ICANN manages the global assignment of Internet identifiers, including domain names.
There are three general types of TLDs:
Additionally, there are numerous new TLDs have been released in recent years. The most widely known TLDs are the generic TLDs, such as. COM, ORG, and . NET. These are not restricted to a particular country or organization and can be used by anyone. On the other hand, country-code TLDs are two-letter codes representing a specific country or region. US, FR, or. JP. Finally, sponsored TLDs are restricted to particular organizations, such as.EDU for educational institutions.GOV for governmental agencies.